Heritage at Risk list adds knights' cave and Grimsby's Kasbah

Historic England register also adds Huddersfield’s first infirmary and ‘an almost perfect Victorian museum’

A centuries-old church that counted George Eliot as a worshipper and survived a devastating night during the wartime blitz is one of 242 new entries to England’s Heritage at Risk register.

The register also now includes one of the oldest purpose-built museums in England, as well as Grimsby’s Kasbah area, and the church in Salford where the suffragette leader Emmeline Pankhurst married in 1879.

The Kasbah in Grimsby: a labyrinth of factories, shops and warehouses in a corner of the town’s docks which were central to the town’s worldwide success as a fishing port. It was designated a conservation area in 2017.

Huddersfield’s first infirmary: the hospital opened in 1831, thanks to public donations, and was a response to a rise in industrial accidents. Its grand entrance is modelled on a Greek temple.

Royston Cave, Hertfordshire: a natural feature and scheduled ancient monument believed to have been enlarged as a chamber in the 14th century. One theory says it was used by the Order of the Knights Templar as a secret meeting place. Its walls are covered with religious and mystical carvings that are steadily deteriorating because of water penetration and worms.

Wisbech & Fenland Museum: the Cambridgeshire museum opened in 1847 and is described by Historic England as “an almost perfect example of a Victorian museum … still fitted out with its original display cases”.

St Luke’s Church, Salford: a neo-gothic church designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott, which was built in 1859 and was the venue for Pankhurst’s marriage to the barrister Richard Pankhurst. It joins the register because of damage caused by its leaking roof.

St Cuthbert’s Island: the medieval chapel on this Northumberland site had been at the mercy of North Sea storms. Lottery-funded repairs helped in the stabilisation of the island against erosion.

Gunnersby Park mansion, London: the house was previously owned by the Rothschild banking family. It has been repaired supported by lottery funding but the landscape and eight other listed buildings remain on the register.

Asthall Barrow: an Anglo-Saxon burial mound in Oxfordshire, placed on the register in 2009 because of unmanaged trees and scrub, and damage caused by rabbits. The rabbits have gone and the site cleared apart from an impressive sycamore tree which makes the barrow visible from a roundabout on the A40.

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